## SAMPLE TEST OF REASONING

Test of Reasoning Section of Success Bureau Study Material covers  complete syllabus and includes  Often Asked Questions ( OAQs )  in the Competitive Examinations .

Hence, you are advised to properly practice and cram the contents .  You should not waste time in learning out dated  books .

Below is given a small Sample of the Study Material provided to the students along with the Quizzes .

### PROBLEMS BASED ON ALPHABETS

To solve the problems based on alphabets quickly  :

• Remember the position of each letter in the alphabet series.

For example, the positions of  E and S in the alphabet series are 5th and 19th .

• Remember the position of each letter when the alphabet series is written in the reverse order.

For example, the positions of X and D would be 3rd and 23rd respectively when the series is written in the reverse order .

1       2        3        4      5        6      7        8      9    10     11      12     13     14     15   16   17     18      19    20    21    22    23     24    25     26

A      B       C       D      E         F      G       H      I       J        K        L       M        N      O      P      Q        R       S        T      U       V      W       X      Y        Z

26   25    24    23     22    21    20    19    18    17    16     15     14      13    12     11    10      9      8          7      6       5       4         3      2         1

EXAMPLES

(Q.1)     Which of the following will come next the series below ?

MAN,    KZP, IBR, GYT,   ?

Solution :         The first letter goes two steps back in the successive groups.

The second letter goes one step forward in odd number terms and one step backward in even number terms. The third letter goes two steps forward in each group.

(Q.2) Which of the following will come next in the series given below ?

KUZ,     MOX,    OIV,     QET,     ?

Solution :         The first letters of the successive groups are K, M, O, Q . Clearly, the first  letter of the next group will be S .

Similarly, the second letters of the successive groups are U, O, I, E. Clearly, the second letter of the next group would be the fourth letter to the left of ‘E’ in the alphabet. It is ‘A’ .

The third letters are Z, X, V, T. Clearly, the third letter of the next group in the above series would be ‘R’.

More Examples :

(Q.1)     If with the help of 3, 5, 6, 11 and 12th letter of the word ‘ CENTRALISATION ’ a word can be formed then write the middle letter of the word, otherwise write ‘X’.

Solution :

N R A T I

Clearly, ‘TRAIN’ can be formed with the help of these letters. ( as ‘A’ is the middle letter of TRAIN ).

(Q.2)     If it is possible to make a meaningful word with the 3, 4, 5, 7 and 10th letter of the word

PERSONALITY ’, write the first letter of that word, otherwise write ‘X’.

Solution :                                 ROAST

(Q.3)     If it is possible to make a meaningful word with the third, the fourth and the eleventh letter of the word ‘ CONTROVERSIAL ’ write the first letter of the word, otherwise write ‘X’.

Solution :                     NTI

The meaningful word is TIN.  Hence, the answer is T .

(Q.4)     If it is possible to make meaningful word with the second, fourth, sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth letters of the word ‘LEUTENANT’ when arranged ? Write the first letter of the word thus formed, otherwise write ‘X’.

Solution :         ETNANT   .   The meaningful word is TENANT.

(Q.5)     If it is possible to make a meaningful word with the third, the fifth, the sixth, the seventh and the eighth letter of the word ‘ FOUNDATION ’ write the first letter of that word, otherwise

write ‘X’.

Solution :  UDATI  .   No meaningful word can be formed. Hence, the answer is X .

(Q.6)  If a meaningful word can be made using the 7th , 9th , 19th and 20th letters of the alphabet , write the last letter of that word , otherwise write X .

Solution :                     GIST

Examples :

(Q.1)     If the first four letters of the word ANTHRODOMORAHISM ’  are written in the reverse order followed by the next four written in reverse order followed by the next four written in the reverse order and so on, which letter is the 12th in the written order ?

Solution :         ANTH  RODO  MORA  HISM

First divide the word in the groups of four letters by underlining them, starting from the left. Now, it is clear that the answer is ‘M’.

NOTE : For solving this kind of questions, one should not write the groups of letters in the reverse order. It is needless and time consuming.

(Q.2)     If the first and the sixth letters in the word ‘ PRINCIPLES were interchanged, also the second and the seventh letters, the third and the eight and so on, which letter would be the seventh letter counting from your right ?

Solution :

P R I N C I P L E S

First connect the respective letters, which are to be interchanged, with the help of arrows.

Then, it becomes clear that the position of ‘N’, which is 7th letter from Right, is to be interchanged  by ‘E’.

(Q.3)     If in the word ‘ ORGANISATION ’ the first letter becomes third and third becomes first, second letter becomes fourth and fourth letter becomes second and so on, which will be the 8th letter ?

Solution :

O R G A N I S A T I O N

‘A’ is the 8th letter. Now, we have to see which letter is to be interchanged with ‘A’. Therefore, by connecting the respective letters, which are to be interchanged, with the help of arrow, it becomes clear that ‘I’ becomes  8th letter .

(Q.4)     If the first three letters of the word ‘ UNIVERSAL ’ are written in reverse order followed by the next three written in the reverse order and so on, which letter is the 7th in the written order ?

(Q.5)     If the first and the third letter in the word  ‘ CONGREGATION ’ were interchanged, also the second and the fourth letter, the fifth and the seventh letter and so on, which letter would be the 8th counting from your left ?

Solution :

CONG  REGA  TION

First make groups of four letters by underlining them, starting from the left.Clearly, ‘A’ and ‘E’ are to be interchanged as ‘A’ is at the 8th position.

(Q.6)     If the 1st and 2nd letters in the word ‘ INORDINATE ’ were interchanged and also the 3rd and 4th letters, the 5th and 6th and so on which letter would be 8th counting to your left ?

Solution :

I N O R D I N A T E

‘O’ is at the 8th position when counted from the Right. After interchange, ‘R’ comes at the position of ‘O’.

(Q.7)     Two letters in the word ‘ DREAM ’ have as many letters between them in the word as in the alphabet. Write the one of the two which appears earlier in the alphabet.

Solution :

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Clearly, there are two letters between the word and also two letters between ‘A’ and ‘D’ in the English alphabet.

( ‘A’ as it appears earlier than ‘D’ in the alphabet ) .

(Q.8)   How many pairs of letters are there in the word ‘ACUTE ’ which have as many letters between them in the word as in the alphabet ?

Solution :There is only one pair of letters i.e. ‘A E’ which has three letters between them in the word as well as in the alphabet .

(Q.9)     Two letters in the word ‘ ROUBLE ’ have as many letters between them in the word as in the alphabet . Which one of the two letters comes earlier in the alphabet ?

Solution :         Between ‘L’ and ‘O’, there are two words in the alphabet and also in the word ROUBLE.

(Q.10)     Which of the letters in the word ‘ IMPERSONAL ’ is as far away from the beginning in the word as when the letters of the word are rearranged alphabetically.

Solution :                     PROCEDURE :

(i)         Rewrite the letters in IMPERSONAL in the alphabetic  order.

(ii)         Write the word IMPERSONAL below the letters arrange  alphabetically.

A E I L M N O P R S

I M P E R S O N A L

Clearly, the letter ‘O’ is as far away from the beginning in the word as when the letters of the word are rearranged alphabetically.

(Q.11)     Beginning with the last letter which letter occupies the same place in ‘ TRUSTWORTHINESS ’ as ‘M’ does in ‘ARRANGEMENT ’ ?

Solution : ARRANGEMENT

‘M’ is at the fourth position from the last.

TRUSTWORTHINESS

‘N’ is at the fourth position from the last.

(Q.12)    Two letters in the word ‘ BLUE ’ has as many letters between them in the word as in the alphabet. Write one of the two which appears earlier in the alphabet ?

(Q.13)     In a telephone directory which of the following names will appear last ?

(a) Shasidharan  (b) Sasidharan     (c) Shasidaran    (d) Shasidaran     (e) Shashidaran

(Q.14)     In a dictionary which of the following words will appear at the third position ?

(a) reality         (b) reassure          (c) realize           (d) reap           (e) reader

(Q.15)     In a telephone directory which of the following names will appear in the middle ?

(a) sunderlal      (b) sudherlal       (c) sundarlal        (d)        soonderlal                 (e) sundaralal

Solution : The given names will appear in the directory in the following order :

soonderlal    sundaralal    sundarlal    sunderlal    sundherlal

(d)                    (e)               (c)             (a)             (b)

(Q.16)     If the following words are arranged as find in the dictionary,then what will be the fourth letter from the left in the last word ?

INTIMATION,   INFORMATION,   INTEREST,   INTERROGATION,   INSTIGATION

Solution :         If the given words are arranged as in the dictionary, then the word ‘ INTIMATION ’ will appear last . Hence, ‘I’ is the answer as it is the fourth letter of the word INTIMATION.

(Q.17)     If the letters of the word ‘ RATIONALISATION ’ are arranged alphabetically, then which letter would be the farthest from the first letter in the word ?

Solution : A AA I I I N N O O R S T T

Clearly, ‘T’ will be the farthest letter from the first letter ‘A’ when RATIONALISATION is arranged alphabetically.

(Q.18)     If the first four letters of the word ANTHRODOMORAHISM ’  are written in the reverse order followed by the next four written in reverse order followed by the next four written in the reverse order and so on, which letter is the 12th in the written order ?

Solution :         ANTH  RODO  MORA  HISM

First divide the word in the groups of four letters by underlining them, starting from the left. Now, it is clear that the answer is ‘M’.

NOTE : For solving this kind of questions, one should not write the groups of letters in the reverse order. It is needless and time consuming.

(Q.19)     If the first and the sixth letters in the word ‘ PRINCIPLES were interchanged, also the second and the seventh letters, the third and the eight and so on, which letter would be the seventh letter counting from your right ?

Solution :

P R I N C I P L E S

First connect the respective letters, which are to be interchanged, with the help of arrows.

Then, it becomes clear that the position of ‘N’, which is 7th letter from Right, is to be interchanged  by ‘E’.

(Q.20)     If in the word ‘ ORGANISATION ’ the first letter becomes third and third becomes first, second letter becomes fourth and fourth letter becomes second and so on, which will be the 8th letter ?

Solution :

O R G A N I S A T I O N

‘A’ is the 8th letter. Now, we have to see which letter is to be interchanged with ‘A’. Therefore, by connecting the respective letters, which are to be interchanged, with the help of arrow, it becomes clear that ‘I’ becomes  8th letter .

(Q.21)     If the first three letters of the word ‘ UNIVERSAL ’ are written in reverse order followed by the next three written in the reverse order and so on, which letter is the 7th in the written order ?

(Q.22)     If the first and the third letter in the word  ‘ CONGREGATION ’ were interchanged, also the second and the fourth letter, the fifth and the seventh letter and so on, which letter would be the 8th counting from your left ?

Solution :

CONG  REGA  TION

First make groups of four letters by underlining them, starting from the left.Clearly, ‘A’ and ‘E’ are to be interchanged as ‘A’ is at the 8th position.

(Q.23)     If the 1st and 2nd letters in the word ‘ INORDINATE ’ were interchanged and also the 3rd and 4th letters, the 5th and 6th and so on which letter would be 8th counting to your left ?

Solution :

I N O R D I N A T E

‘O’ is at the 8th position when counted from the Right. After interchange, ‘R’ comes at the position of ‘O’.